Dangerous Goods (DGR)
Dangerous Goods Definition
According to the IATA definition, dangerous goods are called goods that can damage the health and safety of property during air transportation and which are classified in accordance with Section 3 of the DGR (IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations on dangerous goods).
The threat to the health, safety of people and property consists of the following factors that occur during the transport of dangerous goods:
- defeat of people and property by a blast wave and fire;
- damage to people by radioactive radiation, toxins (including combustion products) and pathogens;
- contamination of property and area with radioactive substances;
- the ability to easily ignite and maintain combustion;
- skin irritation and damage to property by corrosive substances.
Dangerous goods are accepted for transportation on U6 flights in accordance with:
- IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations;
- ICAO Technical Instructions (ISM) for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air;
- Air Code of the Russian Federation;
- Federal Law "On the Use of Atomic Energy";
- Federal Law “On Military-Technical Cooperation of the Russian Federation with Foreign States”;
- Federal Law "On Weapons";
- Federal Law “On the Sanitary and Epidemiological Well-Being of the Population”;
- “Convention on International Civil Aviation” (Chicago), 1944;
- ICAO Emergency Response Guidance for Aircraft Incidents Involving Dangerous Goods Doc 9481-AN928;
- ICAO Annex 18;
- Rules for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material by the International Atomic Energy Agency;
- FAP 141. Federal Aviation Regulations. “Rules for the transport of dangerous goods by civilian aircraft”;
- Special requirements and rules provided by states.
Important. The IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) is a manual that is published annually and is effective from January 1 of each calendar year. Technical Instructions (ISMs) are published in April of each calendar year, which creates the potential for conflicting DGR-ISM requirements. In the event of a DGR-ISM conflict, the requirement contained in the current effective version of the DGR is considered valid. The current version of the IATA Dangerous Goods Transport Regulations (DGR), ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (Technical Instructions) are available in places where passenger and / or boarding operations are carried out.
Exhaust Gas Transportation Principles
- Dangerous goods instructions have been compiled and published for shippers and carriers. They contain information about dangerous goods and their properties, about the requirements for safe transportation by air.
- Dangerous goods are divided into hazard classes and categories according to the level of danger they possess. The dangerous goods list includes individual dangerous goods codes defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the UN Committee of Experts.
- Some dangerous goods are too dangerous to transport by air; some are prohibited for transportation without appropriate state exemption from the rules; some can only be transported by cargo aircraft.
- The shipper's declaration of dangerous goods must be duly completed. The information must be unambiguous, with an exact indication of the shipping name and hazard class, number of places and type of packaging, information on handling and loading of dangerous goods, actions in case of an incident during a flight or on the ground.
- The aircraft commander must be informed in a timely manner about the dangerous goods to be carried on this aircraft, as well as the hazard classes specified in NOTOC.
- Carrier personnel must be properly informed of the hazards, methods of handling dangerous goods, and special procedures in case of emergency.
- All dangerous goods incidents should be reported to the appropriate authorities so that they take into account and investigate the causes, take corrective actions to prevent a recurrence.
- All employees involved in working with dangerous goods must receive appropriate training.
Airline Dangerous Cargo Safety Policy
- Dangerous goods are transported on the aircraft of the Airline in accordance with the requirements of regulatory documents, as well as experience in organizing the transportation of dangerous goods.
- Dangerous goods are accepted for transportation on the airline's aircraft via domestic and international air lines from individuals and legal entities and to them.
- The application must be submitted to the authorized employee of the airline no later than 48 hours before the planned shipment of the dangerous cargo. Control of the correctness of the execution of shipping documents is carried out according to the "Checklist for the transport of dangerous goods."
- No official of the Airline or other organization may demand the acceptance or transport of goods prohibited from carriage by air under any circumstances.
- No person may transport dangerous goods by air if these goods have not been accepted, processed or transported in accordance with the IATA DGR or the ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air. No person may label, label, certify, or present a packaging if it is manufactured, assembled, labeled, stored, restored, or repaired not in accordance with ICAO's Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air.
- Only those dangerous goods that are named in the Dangerous Goods List are allowed to be transported, as those authorized for transportation on passenger aircraft.
- It is forbidden to accept dangerous goods for transportation, in the packaging of which the maximum permissible weight or net volume per package is exceeded, which is established in the List for each specific dangerous cargo (OG).
- All dangerous goods must be packed in accordance with established requirements.
- Each packaging set used for the transport of dangerous goods must be approved in accordance with established rules (certified).
- Each individual place with dangerous goods presented for air transportation must be marked with special and transport markings, unless otherwise specified by the current Rules and other regulatory documents of the Russian Federation. In addition to the main marking, all dangerous goods having an additional hazard must be marked with additional signs.
- It is forbidden to place dangerous goods incompatible in their properties on the same aircraft.
- Dangerous goods must be transported, as a rule, by direct flights to their destination. Transportation with transshipment at intermediate airports is allowed only with the special permission of the transfer airport.
- Dangerous goods must be transported with appropriate shipping documents.
- When transporting dangerous goods, all required information must be provided.
- At airports, only temporary storage of dangerous goods is allowed, and certain categories of dangerous goods must, bypassing the airport warehouses, be loaded and unloaded directly into the cargo cabin of the aircraft before departure (after arrival).
- On board the aircraft (including in flight), access to dangerous goods (with the exception of categories established by regulatory documents) must be provided to monitor their condition and take urgent measures in case of manifestations of dangerous properties.
- Periodic special training and certification (certification) of personnel directly related to ensuring the safety of the transport of dangerous goods and weapons according to programs approved by specially authorized bodies in the field of aviation should be provided.
- Transport safety of dangerous goods must be confirmed in accordance with the requirements established in the Russian Federation.
- On each side of the aircraft carrying dangerous goods and weapons, there should be documented emergency procedures.
- Each air transportation must have physical protection and other measures to ensure aviation security.
Ural Airlines' Air Operator Certificate gives the airline the right to, inter alia, carry out “Domestic and international commercial transport of dangerous goods”.
CHA / GHA staff must be trained in a capacity appropriate to their duties. Such training should include:
- general orientation training, the purpose of which should be to familiarize yourself with the general provisions;
- specialized training, the purpose of which should be a detailed study of the requirements in relation to the functions assigned to a particular person;
- safety training, the purpose of which is to study the types of hazards posed by dangerous goods; safe handling methods and emergency procedures.
When hiring employees belonging to the categories specified in Table 1.5A of IATA DGR, it is necessary to ensure that they are trained or make sure that they are completed.
In order to ensure that staff knowledge meets current requirements, periodic training should be carried out no later than 24 months. after they have completed their last training.
Dangerous goods training should be carried out in accordance with the Dangerous Goods Training Program developed and updated in accordance with applicable regulations and U6 standards, approved by the relevant authorities (if possible).
English should be used in the transport of dangerous goods in addition to the Russian language in all transport documents, also on labeling and individual packaging, outer packaging and cargo containers.